Doing Research

The information given here is supposed to help interested students, in particular those working on empirical projects, to engage more deeply with research methodologies and methods. The list collects some resources we frequently recommend to our students.


  • The Building Evidence in Education (BE2) working group has produced an excellent resource entitled “Guidance Note on Qualitative Research in Education: Considerations for Best Practice”. The resource provides recommendations for high-quality qualitative research (in education). It offers a great overview of different qualitative paradigms, methodologies, and data collection and analysis methods. The resource also addresses very practical questions of concern to students, e.g. about data saturation or recommended numbers of interviews.


  • Choosing the right statistical test or analysis may seem daunting. Online tools that guide the user through a set of questions can be helpful to identify the appropriate procedure. The University of Zuerich offers a helpful decision tree diagram at (in German).
  • Deen Freelon has created ReCal, a great online tool that researchers can use to calculate reliability in multi-coder content analysis. The tool can be accessed here:

Academic Writing

  • Joern Fischer’s blog “Writing a journal article” is a really useful resource to improve your academic writing. It is not just useful for journal articles, but also for term papers, project reports and other types of academic writing. It can be accessed here:
  • Looking for the right phrase to indicate caution, describe a trend, or transition between different parts of your paper? The Academic Phrase Bank, hosted by the University of Manchester, is a great resource to consult when writing your next academic paper. It can be accessed here:
  • The Logical Fallacy website is an entertaining resource that you can use to identify and avoid logical incoherence and fallacies that should have no place in academic writing. It can be accessed here:

Other useful tools

  • The Community Toolbox provides extensive resources for participatory research and community action. Content areas covered include photovoice methods, communication strategies and framing, and intervention planning. The Community Toolbox can be accessed here: